b

Showing 151 words

  • b mitzvah

    n. The gender-neutral equivalent of a bar or bat mitzvah (used to be inclusive of genderfluid or nonbinary children).

  • b'al pe

    adv. Learned by heart, from memory.

  • b'emet

    interj. "As a matter of fact." (Weiser); "Really?"

  • b'ezras hashem

    interj. and adv. With God's help.

  • b'laz

    adv. Abbreviation for "B'loshn am zar", "in a foreign language"; usually used by the commentator Rashi when using a Middle French expression.

  • B'nei Yisrael

    pl. n. Jews collectively (usually refers specifically to the Jews of the Torah, or more broadly, of the Tanach).

  • b'sha'ah tovah

    interj. Literally "at a good hour." All in good time. Good luck. Response to a pregnancy announcement--meaning may all go well.

  • b'shalom

    adv. "In peace" (used to sign off in written correspondence).

  • b'shem omro

    adv. "Giving credit for an idea" (Glinert).

  • b'tzelem Elohim

    adv. lit. "In God's image."

  • b'vakasha

    adv. "Literally, 'please'. It can be used in various ways, including "please go ahead" and at the end of a sentence as 'you're welcome'" (JPS).

  • ba'al tekiah

    n. "The title for the person who blows the shofar on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur" (JPS).

  • ba'u mayim ad nafesh

    (sentence) "Things are critical; it's make or break" (Glinert)

  • baal gaavah

    n. An arrogant or conceited person.

  • baal koreh

    n. The individual who chants Torah from the scroll at a synagogue. Sometimes used to refer specifically to a person capable of learning and chanting an entire parsha, or to a professional/paid reader as opposed to an amateur.

  • Baal Shem Tov

    n. Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, widely regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.

  • baal taiva

    n. A greedy person, one driven by their desires (for food, sex, etc.)

  • baal-teshuva

    n. A Jew from a secular background who chooses to become observant.

  • babka

    n. "A loaf type coffee cake" (JPS).

  • badchen

    n. A merry maker as at a Jewish wedding or other Jewish celebration.

  • badeken

    n. "A brief ritual performed among Ashkenazim just before the wedding ceremony, in which a veil is placed or lowered over the bride's face while reciting the blessing made on Rebecca" (Steinmetz, Dictionary of Jewish Usage).

  • bagel

    n. "A leavened, firm, doughnut shaped roll" (JPS).

  • bageling

    v. Identifying another person as a Jew.

  • baitsim

    n. Balls, testicles, lit. 'eggs'.

  • bakbuk mayim

    n. Water bottle.

  • bal tashchit

    n. Do not be wasteful, do not destroy.

  • balaboosta

    n. Female head of household.

  • balabos

    n. Male head of a household.

  • balabotish

    adj. "Quiet; respectable; well mannered" (Rosten). "middle class"; normal.

  • balagan

    n. "A disorderly, confusing, and/or overwhelming situation" (Glinert).

  • Bamidbar

    n. The Book of Numbers, [lit. "in the wilderness"] (Glinert).

  • banot

    n. Girls.

  • bar minan

    interj. Used when mentioning a tragedy or general calamity that one does not wish on him/herself or others. Also used as a follow up to the words "a Dio" when surprised by something scary.

  • bar mitzvah

    n. Jewish coming-of-age ceremony/celebration for a 13-year-old boy; the boy who has come of age.

  • bark mitzvah

    n. A mock celebration for a dog, akin to a bar/bat mitzvah (meant to be comedic).

  • baruch dayan haemet

    interj. "'Blessed be the True Judge!' (said on news of a bereavement)" (Glinert).

  • baruch haba

    interj. "Welcome!"

  • baruch Hashem

    interj. "Thank God," "blessed is God."

  • baruch sheptarani

    interj. "Good riddance!"

  • baruch tihiyeh

    interj. "May you be blessed."

  • basari

    adj. Refers to foods that contain meat as well as utensils and dishes used to cook, serve, and eat meat.

  • bashert

    predicate adj. "Predestined, fated" (JPS).

  • bat chayil

    n. Bat mitzvah, particularly a celebration in Orthodox communities that does not include services or reading from the Torah.

  • bat mitzvah

    n. In gender egalitarian communities, the ceremony of a 13- (or 12-) year-old girl's first calling up to the Torah, symbolizing her adulthood in Jewish life. can also refer to the girl herself. In Orthodox communities, refers to celebration of girl turning 12. "Celebration of a Jewish girl's coming of age; a girl who has reached that age." (Glinert)

  • batel b'shishim

    adj. "Of no significance" (Glinert).

  • batlan

    n. "Someone without a trade or regular means of livelihood" (Rosten).

  • Bavajadas

    Nonsense. B.S.

  • bayis

    n. ancient Temple

  • Bayit Sheni

    n. Second Temple, period of the Second Temple

  • BCE

    adv. Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • Be well

    interj. Closing to a letter or conversation: Take care, be healthy.

  • becher

    n. 2-handle cup for ritual washing of the hands before eating.

  • bechina

    n. Examination, particularly for rabbinic ordination.

  • bechira

    n. Free will.

  • bechiya ledorot

    n. "A cause for eternal regret" (Glinert).

  • beck

    n. Young, materialistic, shallow person.

  • bedieved

    adv. "Done just well enough to fulfill a need or duty; perfunctorily" (Weiser, Frumspeak).

  • bedika

    n. Inspection or search, especially with regard to preparations for Passover.

  • bedikas chametz

    n. "The ceremony immediately before Pesach in which family members conduct a ritual search of the home for hametz, pieces of bread or leavened food that are forbidden on Passover" (JPS).

  • behatzlacha

    interj. "Good luck!"; "Go with success."

  • behema

    n. A boor, an uncouth, unmannered individual.

  • Bein Hazmanim

    n. Vacation time in yeshivot.

  • beineinu

    adj. Between us.

  • beis hamikdash

    n. The Temple in Jerusalem.

  • beit cafe

    n. Coffee house.

  • beit din

    n. A rabbinical court of law (made up of three rabbis) that makes judgments on matters of Jewish religious life, especially conversion and divorce.

  • beit knesset

    n. Jewish place of worship; "synagogue" (JPS).

  • beit midrash

    n. "Study hall" (Glinert).

  • beitzah

    n. "The roasted egg placed on the seder plate during the Pesach seder" (JPS).

  • beiyun

    adv. "With depth and in detail: intensively."

  • bekies

    n. "Range of personal knowledge" (Weiser).

  • bekishe

    n. Long black coat worn by Hasidic men.

  • bekitzur

    adv. "Briefly or concisely: succinctly" (Weiser).

  • belfer

    n. Assistant teacher of children in a Hebrew school or cheyder.

  • ben adam

    n. A human being.

  • ben bayis

    n. Frequent guest at someone's home.

  • ben torah

    n. A Torah scholar or moral individual.

  • bench

    v. JPS: "To recite a blessing. It usually refers to Birkat ha-Mazon, the Grace after Meals... The word can also refer to the reciting of any blessing; for example, the expression bentsch licht means to light Shabbat [or Chanukah] candles."

  • bench gomel

    v. To say the blessing (called Gomel) said after someone survives a life-threatening situation; often recited pro forma after surviving childbirth or trans-oceanic travel.

  • bench licht

    v. (Light and) bless candles.

  • bencher

    n. Prayer booklet or card with the text of the blessings after meals, and often times including other meal-time blessings and songs.

  • benoni

    n. Spiritually average person.

  • Bereshit

    n. The Book of Genesis [lit. "in the beginning"].

  • berya

    n. "Complimentary term for a talented, competent, energetic woman, especially one who gets a lot done - and does it well - around the house." (JPS Dictionary of Words)

  • besamim

    n. "Literally, 'spices.' It almost always refers to the spices in the spice box used for the Havdalah ceremony" (JPS).

  • beseder

    adv. and adj. Alright; fine. [lit. "in order"]; "OK" (Glinert).

  • besorot tovot

    n. Good tidings, good news.

  • Beta Israel

    n. Ethiopian Jewish community.

  • beteavon

    interj. Bon appetit; enjoy your meal; dig in. Glinert: "Literally, 'bon appetit!'"

  • beys hakise

    n. Bathroom.

  • bialy

    n. A flat breakfast roll, shaped like a round wading pool, sometimes sprinkled with onion. (Rosten)

  • biberhit

    n. A man's black hat with beaver fur, worn on weekdays.

  • bichlal

    adv. In any way, entirely, in general, altogether.

  • bikur cholim

    v. Visiting the sick.

  • bimah

    n. Pulpit; "A raised platform or stage in a synagogue from which the Torah is read and services are led." (JPS)

  • bimheira v'yameinu

    adv. Speedily and in our days.

  • Birkat Habayit

    n. "Blessing for the house," usually refers to a decorative piece of calligraphy for the home.

  • Birkat Hamazon

    n. The blessing after food, referring to the four blessing Grace After Meals said after consuming bread. Referred to in many communities as "bentching," or simply as "birkat" in some Jewish summer camps.

  • birkon

    n. Prayer booklet or card with the text of the blessings after meals, and often times including other meal-time blessings and songs

  • Birkot HaShachar

    n. The first section of the morning prayers, which contains several individual blessings. (JPS)

  • Birthright

    n. A free 10-day trip to Israel for young Diaspora Jews ages 18-26. Over 400,000 Jews have been to Israel on Birthright.

  • bishul chutz

    n. Cook-Out.

  • bisl

    n. "A little bit of something, a tiny piece" (JPS).

  • bitachon

    n. Faith, trust.

  • bitul

    n. "Contempt, disparagement" (Steinmetz).

  • biur chametz

    n. Ceremonial burning chametz before Passover.

  • Bivas

    interj. Life! Said upon hearing someone sneeze.

  • biz hundert un tsvantsik

    (sentence) [May you/he/she live] "until a hundred and twenty [years]" -- often used as a birthday wish for long life, or when mentioning a person who is getting on in years.

  • black hat

    n. Haredi; describing people or traditions of the right end of the Orthodox continuum, encompassing Hasidic and non-Hasidic (or just non-Hasidic) Orthodox Jews, of whom the men wear black hats

  • blat

    n. A page of Talmud (equivalent of Hebrew דף daf).

  • blech

    n. An electric hot plate or "sheet of metal that can be placed over the burners on a stove to retain heat, so that precooked food...can be kept warm during the Sabbath." (JPS)

  • bli ayin hara

    n. Formula said in conjunction with a positive statement to ward off the evil eye.

  • bli neder

    interj. "Literally, 'without vowing', this is added to any casual promise to avoid it being taken as an absolute undertaking." (Glinert)

  • blintz

    n. A folded thin pancake filled with cheese, fruit, or potatoes.

  • bochur

    n. Young unmarried male, especially a yeshiva student.

  • bodek

    n. Also a brand of vegetables that has been checked for insects.

  • Boire olam

    n. God, lit. 'creator of the world'

  • boker or

    interj. Literally, "morning light". said in response to "boker tov."

  • boker tov

    interj. "Good morning."

  • bokser

    n. The fruit of the carob tree, traditionally eaten on Tu Bishvat.

  • bond of life

    n. Common translation of the Hebrew "tzror ha-hayim," referring to a transcendent realm where the souls of righteous are kept in safekeeping.

  • borei nefashos

    n. One of the blessings recited after eating food. Usually if a "Shehakol" blessing would be recited before eating.

  • borscht

    n. "Borshtsh" is the Russian word for beet soup. Among Jews soup made from beets is considered Polish borshtsh, while Russian borshtsh is made from cabbage.

  • Borscht Belt

    n. Region in the Catskill Mountains with many summer resorts frequented by Jews, especially in the mid twentieth century.

  • boychick

    n. "A young boy...equivalent of the American expression 'buddy'" (JPS)

  • boydem

    n. Attic.

  • bracha

    n. Blessing (in the technical or figurative sense).

  • bragas

    n. Underwear.

  • braggas

    n. Underwear.

  • break fast

    n. The meal that takes place after a fast.

  • brecha

    n. Pool.

  • Breslover

    n. A follower of the Hasidic branch of Judaism that adheres to the teachings of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, the great-grandson of the Baal Shem Tov.

  • bring down

    v. Cite or reference.

  • bris

    n. Circumcision ceremony; the celebration surrounding it.

  • broch

    n. Curse.

  • broiges

    adj. Angry, annoyed.

  • bruchim haba'im

    interj. Welcome! [lit. "blessed are those who come"]

  • BS"D

    (sentence) "With the help of heaven"--an acronym that is put at the top of many documents produced by Orthodox Jews as a reminder that everything comes from G-d.

  • BT

    n. Ba'al teshuva, returnee to faith, Jew who chose to become Orthodox.

  • bubbale

    n. Sweetie, darling [term of endearment].

  • bubbe

    n. Grandmother.

  • bubbe meise

    n. "Something of little importance, an inconsequential thing or minor happening." (JPS)

  • Buenas semanas

    (sentence) Have a good week / what one says after making havdallah.

  • Bujew

    n. A Jew who practices Buddhism; a Jew interested in Eastern spirituality.

  • bulbenik

    n. One who is inept, clumsy, all thumbs, who fouls things up (Rosten).

  • bulvan

    n. Loud mouth know-it-all; "a boorish, brutish person" (Steinmetz).

  • bupkis

    adv. Nothing.

  • burekas

    n. A Turkish pastry filled with potatoes, other vegetables, and sometimes cheese.

  • busha

    n. "Disgrace" (Glinert), shame, embarrassment.

  • by

    prep. At [a location], at the house of, with, among, according to the opinion of, at [an event, time of year] (in addition to Standard English near).