Alternative Spellings

b'diavad, bediavad, b'di-avad, b'di'avad, b'di-eved, b'dieved


  • done after the fact; ex post facto
  • "done just well enough to fulfill a need or duty; perfunctorily" (Weiser, Frumspeak)
  • "resentfully; without enthusiasm; begrudgingly" (Weiser, Frumspeak)
  • "under duress, or done when no options are available; as a last resort" (Weiser, Frumspeak)

Example Sentences

  • "If it's too loud in the Beis Medrash, bedieved you can learn in the Ezras Nashim." (Weiser)

Languages of Origin



בדיעבד 'having done'

Who Uses This

Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)


North America


Frumspeak: The First Dictionary of Yeshivish, by Chaim Weiser (Northvale, 1995).
Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).


Usually an adverb (something is done bedieved), but also a noun (something is done as a bedieved). Usually contrasted with "lechatchila," something that should be done as a first priority, the ideal.

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