a

Showing 121 words

  • A Dio

    interj. "My God!"

  • a long life

    interj. Used to greet a mourner after someone has died.

  • a nechtiker tog

    interj. "Not on your life!"

  • abba

    n. Father, dad, daddy.

  • abi gezunt

    interj. "As long as you're healthy [you can be happy]."

  • abus

    interj. "Cute!"

  • acharon acharon chaviv

    adv. Last but not least.

  • achdut

    n. "Sense of common purpose fostering harmony: unity, solidarity." (Weiser)

  • achla

    adj. or interj. Awesome, excellent, great, the best.

  • achrai

    adj. "Charged with responsibility: accountable." (Weiser)

  • achrayut

    n. "Obligation, financial or personal, to others: burden." (Weiser)

  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • achshav

    adv. Now, immediately.

  • ad kan

    interj. "Expression used to induce cessation of activity or behavior: knock it off." (Weiser)

  • ad kdei kach

    interj. "[E]xpression of wonder regarding the extent or intensity of something." (Weiser)

  • ad me'ah v'esrim

    interj. "[May you/he/she live] until a hundred and twenty."

  • adafina

    n. A slowly cooked stew of meat and vegetables.

  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • aderaba

    adv. "By all means, certainly." (Weiser)

  • adloyada

    n. A Purim carnival.

  • admor

    n. A Hassidic spiritual leader.

  • Adon Olam

    n. A hymn in the traditional Jewish liturgy, usually recited before Shacharit and often sung after services in synagogue, made up of traits attributed to God.

  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • Adoshem

    n. God.

  • afikomen

    n. A piece of matzah from the Pesach seder traditionally hidden by adults, found by the children (or vice versa), and then ransomed for gifts after the meal.

  • agam

    n. Lake.

  • agav

    adv. "By the way: incidentally" (Weiser).

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • agmas nefesh

    n. "Disappointment or sadness: heartache" (Weiser)

  • agunah

    n. A woman whose husband has refused her a get.

  • ahavas yisroel

    n. "Love of one's fellow Jew." (Glinert)

  • Aibishter

    n. God, lit. "supreme one" or "the one above"

  • ainfal

    n. "An ingenious, intuitive idea or suggestion: inspiration" (Weiser).

  • aizen

    adj. "Well-founded and form, as in logic: incontrovertible" (Weiser).

  • Akedah

    n. The binding of Isaac (episode in the Torah)

  • akitzur

    adv. "In summary; in other words: restated" (Weiser).

  • akum

    n. A Talmudic term for a heathen.

  • al hanisim

    n. A one-paragraph prayer added to the Amida on Chanukah and Purim.

  • al het

    n. "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • al kol panim

    adv. "At any rate, nevertheless" (Weiser).

  • al regel achat

    adv. lit. "On one foot"; off-the-cuff; in short; (of a question) "[answered] very briefly and cursorily" (Glinert).

  • al tiftach peh lasatan

    (sentence) "Don't tempt Providence" (Glinert); "Do not tempt fate."

  • aleichem sholom

    interj. Peace be upon you (response to "sholom aleichem").

  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • almemar

    n. The platform on which the Torah is read in synagogue; the bima.

  • als

    prep. "Because of: due to" (Weiser).

  • alte bubby

    n. Old woman, great-grandmother.

  • alte haym

    n. Eastern Europe.

  • alte kaker

    n. Elderly person, old-timer; "A crotchety, fussy, ineffectual old man" (Rosten).

  • alter bocher

    n. A man that is too old not to be married.

  • altz iz gut

    (sentence) "All is well."

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • Am Yisrael

    n. "Literally, The People of Israel." (JPS)

  • Am Yisrael chai

    interj. An affirmation of the continuity of the Jewish people.

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • amcha

    n. The every-man, everyday people; the folk (as opposed to the elite).

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • amen selah

    interj. May it be so.

  • Amidah

    n. The Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

  • amol

    adv. "In past times: formerly, once" (Weiser).

  • amolik

    adj. "Foregone, of times past: olden, obsolete" (Weiser).

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • anash

    n. Members of the Hasidic community.

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)

  • aniyim

    pl. n. Poor people.

  • annos

    n. Anniversary of someone's death.

  • anshuldiks

    interj. "Apology for trivial or unintentional interruption or indiscretion: pardon" (Weiser).

  • answer up

    v. Counter, retort.

  • anticirc

    n. Growing movement of Jews and non-Jews who are opposed to circumcision.

  • antisemitism

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • apikorsus

    n. Heresy.

  • Aramaic

    n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • Arava

    n. "The dry lowland area of the eastern Negev, often called the Aravah Valley" (JPS)

  • aravot

    pl. n. "The branches of the willow that are part of the lulav used on Sukkot" (JPS).

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arba minim

    n. "The four plant species used on Sukkot [lulav, etrog, hadas, and arava]" (Glinert).

  • arbes

    n. Boiled chickpeas.

  • arisa

    n. Section of a pool.

  • ark

    n. "The cabinet at the front of an Ashkenazic synagogue that houses the Torah scroll." (JPS)

  • aroisgevorfene gelt

    n. "A waste of money"; lit., thrown out money.

  • aron kodesh

    n. "Literally, "holy ark"." (JPS)

  • aruchat boker

    n. Breakfast.

  • aruchat erev

    n. Dinner.

  • aruchat tzohorayim

    n. Lunch.

  • Arvit

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • Asara B'Tevet

    n. "A minor fast day that falls on the 10th of Tevet. It commemorates the start of the siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia in 586 B.C.E., which is considered the beginning of the destruction of the First Temple" (JPS).

  • Aseret HaDibrot

    n. The Ten Commandments.

  • aseret y'mei teshuvah

    n. "Ten Days of Penitence" (Glinert), the ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

  • Ashkenazi

    n. (In plural) "[t]he name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France [and their descendants]...The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression" (JPS).

  • Ashkenazic

    adj. Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS).

  • Ashkenormative

    adj. Assuming that all Jews are Ashkenazi, not considering Jews with other backgrounds.

  • Ashki

    n. Nickname for Ashkenazi Jews.

  • asifa

    n. Gathering.

  • asina

    adv., interj. Just like this/that, thus, in this manner. Such, even if.

  • askan

    n. A person who is influential in working for the community.

  • assur

    adj. Forbidden.

  • atzilut

    n. "The world of divine emanations" (Eisenberg & Scolnic).

  • atzmus

    n. The essence of God (in Kabbalah).

  • aufruf

    n. Celebration when, traditionally, the groom, and as of recently in egalitarian communities, the engaged couple is called to the Torah at the Shabbat before their wedding; that aliyah itself (aufruf means literally "to call up").

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • avade

    adv. Of course. / Obviously!

  • aveil

    n. "Someone who is in mourning" (Glinert).

  • aveilus

    n. Mourning (Glinert).

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").

  • Avinu Malkeinu

    n. "A High Holy Day prayer in which God is asked to 'be gracious to us and answer us, even though we have not done all the good that we might have'" (JPS).

  • avodah

    n. "Service and worship of God" (Eisenberg).

  • Avodah b'gashmiut

    n. Serving God through the physical / material world (Hasidic concept).

  • avodah zarah

    n. A tractate of the Talmud.

  • Avraham Avinu

    n. "Our father Abraham" (Glinert)

  • Avraham Seev

    The ceremony practiced by Sephardic Jews, especially those in Seattle, the Shabbat following a wedding with the bride and groom present. Most comparable to the Ashkenazic "auf ruf".

  • avrech

    n. A yeshiva student, or a young man who learns in a kollel.

  • Aydeh

    Hurry up! Let's go! Let's move on!

  • ayin hara

    n. The evil eye.

  • ayzeh bahsa

    interj. What a misfortune, how unfortunate, bummer.

  • azoy

    conj. So, thus.