Aramaic

Pronunciations

Aramaic (AIR-uh-MAY-ik) listen

Definitions

  • n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

Example Sentences

  • "Many of the prayers we do in synagogue are actually in Aramaic, not Hebrew."

Languages of Origin

  • Aramaic
  • English

Etymology

  • Aramaic ארם aram 'Aram' plus English -aic adjectival suffix.

    • Who Uses This

      • Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education

      Regions

      • North America
      • Great Britain
      • South Africa
      • Australia / New Zealand

      Dictionaries

      • The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
      • Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).

      Alternative Spellings

      Aramayic

Notes

  • "It was the everyday language spoken in ancient times in Palestine, Mesopotamia, and Syria, and by Jews who returned to Palestine after the Babylonian exile (536 B.C.E.) until the end of the talmudic period. It is the language of the Talmud; Jewish documents, such as the ketubbah and the get, as well as some important prayers, including the Kaddish and Kol Nidrei, are written in Aramaic" (JPS).

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