aseret y'mei teshuvah

Alternative Spellings

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Definitions

  • "Ten Days of Penitence" (Glinert), the ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

Example Sentences

  • "Daniel, don't forget to add the extra bits to the prayers for the Aserey yemey teshuva." (Glinert)
  • "Right now, we are in the period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, formally referred to as 'Aseret Yemei Teshuva,' or 'The Ten Days of Repentance.'" (http://takeontorah.blogspot.com/2009/09/two-steps-forward-three-steps-towards.html)
  • "As a means to teach our children the importance of the Aseret Y’Mei Teshuvah and how one can improve one’s character traits, a large model of the Moznei Tzedek (Scales of Justice) was placed in RYNJ’s main hallway." (https://jewishlink.news/schools/5041-aseret-ymei-teshuvah-at-rynj)
  • "However, Shulhan Arukh (Orah Hayyim 603:1) records the widespread practice that during the aseret yemei teshuvah, one should be especially stringent to consume only pat yisra’el." (https://thelehrhaus.com/holidays/pat-yisrael-and-two-approaches-to-the-aseret-yemei-teshuvah/)
  • "This approach yields two very different focuses for the aseret yemei teshuvah. Penei Yehoshua has a forward-looking aseret yemei teshuvah, focused on building up as many merits as we can in order to be worthy on Yom Kippur. Rambam, on the other hand, has a backward-looking aseret yemei teshuvah, focused on introspection and repairing our mistakes from the previous year." (https://thelehrhaus.com/holidays/pat-yisrael-and-two-approaches-to-the-aseret-yemei-teshuvah/)

Languages of Origin

Textual Hebrew

Etymology

עשרת ימי תשובה aseret yeme tshuva 'ten days of repentance'

Who Uses This

Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
Organizations: People involved in a professional or volunteer capacity with Jewish nonprofit organizations

Regions

North America

Dictionaries

The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).

Notes

There is a line in the High Holiday liturgy reading, "On Rosh HaShanah it is written, and on the fast of Yom Kippur it is sealed," meaning that God's decree of life or death for the coming year is written on Rosh HaShanah, but God can be persuaded during the ten days until Yom Kippur, since, as the prayer continues, "but repentance, and prayer, and charity can change over the evilness of the decree." Thus, many Jews have a custom to reflect more deeply during these days, ask forgiveness of others, and/or be more stringent about certain ritual practices.

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