Alternative Spellings

avoydah, avoyda, avoydeh, avodeh, avode, avoyde, avoda


  • "A unique part of the Musaf service on Yom Kippur, the Avodah prayers describe the sacrificial ritual in the Temple in ancient Jerusalem on the Day of Atonement" (Eisenberg).
  • "Service and worship of God" (Eisenberg).
  • Work, generally.

Example Sentences

  • "Davening is a big part of avoda."
  • "We will now be doing the Avoda service. The shalaiach tzibbur will be prostrating completely at certain points, and you are encoraged to do so as well."
  • "Many of the first year staff here are part of the Avodah cohort, a Hebrew word that translates to “work”. As incoming college freshmen, we work as extra eyes, ears, and hands for different specialty areas around camp such as the Tower, the Kutz Kids Club, and the kitchen" (https://kutzcamp.org/2016/07/19/avodah-camps-eyes-ears/).

Languages of Origin

Textual Hebrew, Modern Hebrew


Hebrew עבודה 'avoda,' work, worship.

Who Uses This

Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
Camp: Jews who attend or work at a Jewish overnight summer camp


The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001)

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