Ashkenazi

Pronunciations

Ashkenazi (AHSH-kih-NAH-zee) listen

Definitions

  • n. (In plural) "[t]he name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France [and their descendants]...The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression" (JPS).

  • adj. Of or relating to the culture, customs, or ancestry of this group of Jews.

Example Sentences

  • "Most Ashkenazim have a deep affinity for Ashkenazi food." (Glinert)

  • "Ashkenazim generally don't eat rice and legumes on Pesach, while Sephardim do." (JPS)

Languages of Origin

  • Textual Hebrew

Etymology

  • אשכנזי ashkenazi 'from Ashkenaz' where "Medieval rabbis dubbed Germany Ashkenaz, after a passage in Jeremiah (51:27), and decided that after the Flood, one of Noah's great-grandsons, named Ashkenaz, had settled in Germany" (Rosten).

    • Who Uses This

      • Jews: Jews of diverse religious backgrounds and organizational involvements

      Regions

      • North America
      • Great Britain
      • South Africa
      • Australia / New Zealand

      Dictionaries

      • The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush (New York, 2003[1968]).
      • The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
      • The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).

      Alternative Spellings

      Ashkenazim, Ashkenazis, Ashkenazees, Ashkenazeem

Notes

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