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n. A person whose religion is Judaism.
"Being a Jew means being a good person because you want to be, not because there is some celestial carrot you’re after." (source)
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ultimately from יְהוּדִי
"Historically, a scattered group of people who trace their lineage to the ancient Israelites. The term came into use after the Babylonian Exile (586 B.C.E.) to refer to those people from Judea as well as to the patriarchs, matriachs, and descendants of Jacob and all converts to their faith. Today, there is much debate among the branches of Judaism as to who is a Jew. Traditionally, a person is Jewish if he or she is born to a Jewish mother or converts according to Jewish law. More liberal branches of Judaism recognize children born to either a Jewish mother or a Jewish father and have less stringent rules about conversion and adoption of children who will be raised in Jewish homes." (JPS)
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