Showing 166 words

  • M.O.T.

    n. "Member of the tribe;" a Jew.

  • m'dor l'dor

    adv. From generation to generation.

  • m'gayer

    v. (With auxiliary verb 'to be') Convert (someone else) to Judaism.

  • ma

    interj. What.

  • ma la'asot

    interj. "What can you do?"

  • ma pitom

    interj. Expression of surprise: What the heck?

  • maagal

    n. A circle of people, as in a communal gathering or dance.

  • maapilim

    n. Jews who immigrated illegally to Palestine during British control in the 1930s and 1940s - Aliyah Bet.

  • maarich

    v. To extend, talk/write at length.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • mabrouk

    interj. An expression of joyous congratulations used by Sephardi Jews equivalent to "Mazal tov!"

  • mabul

    n. The Biblical Flood.

  • maccabiah

    n. International Jewish sports competition, known as the Jewish Olympics, held (mostly) every four years since 1932; smaller regional competitions held in Jewish community centers around the world.

  • machal

    n. A volunteer from outside Israel serving in the Israeli army.

  • machanayim

    n. A dodgeball-like game common at Orthodox camps.

  • machane

    n. Summer camp [lit. "camp"].

  • machane kayitz

    n. Summer camp.

  • macher

    n. Somebody who is successful, handy, dextrous.

  • machloket

    n. Disagreement, dispute, argument, conflict, especially one about a halachic issue.

  • machmir

    adj. Stringent, "taking the stricter position on an issue" (Weiser).

  • machsom

    n. Barrier, partition.

  • machzor

    n. High Holiday prayerbook, used for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

  • madrega

    n. Level, especially spiritual level.

  • madrich

    n. Youth counselor or supervisor.

  • magen david

    n. "Star of david", a symbol that has commonly been associated with Jews and Judaism; [lit. "shield of david"].

  • maggid shiur

    n. "[A] scholar who gives a regular...shiur... in the Talmud, usually to lay people" (Steinmetz, Dictionary of Jewish Usage).

  • mah nishmah?

    (sentence) How are you?

  • mahtomer / matomeret

    interj. What are you saying? or What did you say? or Really?

  • maidel

    n. Girl.

  • Maimonidean

    adj. Having to do with Maimonides, the Jewish rabbi, physician and scholar who lived in the 12th century.

  • maimouna

    n. A celebration, traditionally among Moroccan Jews, right after Passover ends, marking the springtime and the return to eating chametz (leavened foods which are forbidden on Passover).

  • make

    v. To urinate or defecate.

  • makpid

    adj. Particular, conscientious, especially in relation to Jewish law.

  • malshin

    n. One who slanders, especially one who turns over a Jew to non-Jewish authorities; informer, stool pigeon, snitch.

  • mamaleh

    n. Diminutive term for a young girl [lit. 'little mama'].

  • mamaliga

    n. A Romanian-Jewish dish of thick cornmeal mush.

  • mame

    n. Mom.

  • mame-loshn

    n. "Mother tongue", usually refers to Yiddish.

  • mamish

    adv. "1. As though true to fact...2. Surely or certainly...3. Actually, genuinely...4. To a high degree...5. Enthusiastic response: WOW." (Weiser)

  • mamzer

    n. Bastard [see note]; "A detestable [person] like the colloquial English "He's a bastard."" (Rosten)

  • mandelbrot

    n. "Literally, 'almond bread.' A crunchy, dry cookie, similar to biscotti." (JPS).

  • Manischewitz

    n. Sweet brand of wine often used by American Jews for ritual purposes.

  • mannah

    n. The food that fell from the sky to feed the wandering Israelites in the Bible.

  • marbitz torah

    n. One who spreads Torah knowledge.

  • marit ayin

    n. Suspicious-looking action; doing something that may cause an observer to think that one violated halachah and thus arouse suspicion, or alternatively, doing something that could mislead somebody to interpret than an action is permitted and then violate halachah him/herself.

  • maror

    n. Bitter herbs placed on the seder plate on Passover.

  • masa

    n. A journey; at some camps, a hike or trip.

  • masechta

    n. Talmudic tractate.

  • mashgiach

    n. "A person, usually an Orthodox Jew, who inspects and makes sure all the laws of kashrut are followed [in a slaughterhouse, food-processing factory, restaurant, catering hall, or the like]." (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • mashke

    n. Alcoholic beverage (typically vodka or whiskey).

  • mashpia

    adj. (with 'on') influential

  • maspik

    n. Enough.

  • matbea

    n. Blueprint, structure, form.

  • matir

    v. "[A]llow or permit: sanction." (Weiser).

  • matzah brei

    n. Fried matzah pieces mixed with eggs, usually eaten on Passover

  • matzah meal

    n. "Finely crumbled, crushed matzah used as a flour substitute in cooking during Pesach." (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • matzah minyan

    n. A morning service (shacharit) that lasts 18 minutes or shorter.

  • matzah pizza

    n. A nickname for Massapequa, a Long Island, NY, suburb with sizable Jewish and Italian populations.

  • matzah ramble

    n. "A British tradition of hikes and picnics during the intermediate days [chol hamoed] of Passover." (source)

  • matzav

    n. Situation.

  • matzeivah

    n. Headstone.

  • matzliach

    v. "To thrive: Prosper." (Weiser)

  • matzo

    n. Unleavened bread eaten on Passover.

  • matzoh ball

    n. Dumpling made with matzah meal and eggs and generally served in chicken soup.

  • maven

    n. "An expert or connoisseur; a specialist." (JPS)

  • mayim achronim

    n. Ritual hand-washing before saying the prayer after a meal.

  • mayim step

    n. A dance move used in Israeli dance (also known as 'the grapevine').

  • mayofes

    n. A servile person (see note below).

  • mazel

    n. Congratulations.

  • mazel tov

    interj. Congratulations [lit. "good fortune"].

  • mazik

    n. A mischievous person, often a child.

  • mazume

    n. "A group of three or more adult males who join together to recite the after-meal blessings..." (Steinmetz)

  • meaty

    adj. Refers to food in the meat category according to kashrut.

  • mechaye

    n. "Pleasure, enjoyment, a real joy" (Rosten); something that gives great joy.

  • mechayil el chayil

    adv. "From strength to strength."

  • mechitza

    n. The separation between men and women in Orthodox prayer spaces [lit. "separation"].

  • mechula

    adj. Broke, bust, bankrupt, spoiled.

  • mechuten

    n. In-law. (source)

  • mechuteneste

    n. The mother of one's child's spouse.

  • medakdeik

    adj. "Thorough or painstaking; avoiding error by virtue of the care exercised: CAREFUL." (Weiser) exacting, precise.

  • medura

    n. Campfire.

  • mefakedet

    n. A commander in the Israeli Defense Forces.

  • meforshim

    n. Any set of commentaries on classic religious texts.

  • mefunak

    adj. Luxurious, elaborate, pampering.

  • megillah

    n. Can also refer to the physical scroll on which one is written.

  • meguyar

    n. A convert to Judaism.

  • mekarev

    v. Literally "bring closer", used in the sense of bringing closer to traditional Judaism.

  • mekayam

    v. To fulfill an obligation.

  • mekayim

    v. To fulfill, perform, carry out, realize (e.g., a great mitzvah, prophecy, goal).

  • mekor

    n. "Grounds for an unusual or innovative statement or argument: basis" (Weiser).

  • mekurav

    n. Non-Orthodox congregants and supporters of Chabad houses.

  • mekushar

    n. A devotee of a Hasidic rebbe.

  • melacha

    n. "Work or actions forbidden on Shabbat" (JPS). Mostly applies on Yom Tov, as well, and often refers to creative work, or use of electronics.

  • meldado

    n. Anniversary of someone's death; the study session done in honor of that person.

  • member of the tribe

    n. Non-derogitory slang term used to identify a Jewish person.

  • menorah

    n. Candelabrum, especially for Chanukah.

  • mensch

    n. "An upright, honorable, a decent person." (Rosten)

  • menschlich

    adj. Nice, kind.

  • menschlichkeit

    n. Niceness, kindness, decency, humaneness.

  • menucha

    n. Rest or rest time.

  • meorer

    v. To arouse an inappropriate impulse.

  • merkaz

    n. Central area (of a given space).

  • mesameach

    v. To gladden another person.

  • meshichist

    n. Someone who believes that Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Rebbe of Chabad Hasidism, is the Messiah.

  • meshuga

    adj. Crazy.

  • meshulach

    n. A rabbinical emissary sent to collect charity funds.

  • mesiras nefesh

    n. Self-sacrifice.

  • mesorah

    n. Tradition.

  • Messy

    adj. Relating to self-described "Messianic Judaism", a sect which mimics various Jewish practices but is based on the worship of Jesus as the Messiah. It is also used as an umbrella term for similar movements, such as Hebrew Roots and Lapid Judaism, with the defining characteristic being the use of (primarily Rabbinic) Jewish customs by Christians.

  • mevater

    v. To nullify one's desires for the good of others.

  • meykil

    adj. "One who is not strict: Liberal, Latitudinarian." (Weiser)

  • meyzid

    n. One who commits a sin consciously and deliberately.

  • mezakeh

    v. To acquire; strengthen.

  • mezuzah

    n. A piece of parchment with the Shema written on it that is then placed in a case and mounted on doorways in keeping with the Biblical commandment mentioned in the Shema.

  • Mi Shebeirach

    n. The prayer for healing said during a Torah service; [lit. "He who blesses"].

  • middos

    n. Character traits (singular: "middah").

  • midrash

    n. Stories or explanations that interpret or elaborate on the Torah's text.

  • midrasha

    n. Co-ed supplementary Jewish religious school, usually Reform.

  • mieskeit

    n. Someone/something ugly.

  • mifkad

    n. Formal group meeting, usually at a time of significance (e.g. morning, Shabbat services, meals).

  • migrash

    n. A sports court or field.

  • mikvah

    n. "[Jewish] [r]itual bath" (JPS).

  • milah

    n. Ritual circumcision.

  • milchig

    n. "...Food in the "dairy" category, according to the Jewish dietary laws...also refers to the utensils and dishes used for cooking, eating, and serving milk products." (JPS)

  • milky

    adj. Refers to dairy foods.

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • minhag

    n. Custom; "A tradition that is not mentioned in the Torah or mandated by law but nonetheless is followed." (JPS)

  • minhag hamakom

    n. Local custom.

  • minyan

    n. Prayer quorum of 10 Jews age 13 or older (traditionally male; in some communities male or female).

  • mirpa'ah

    n. The infirmary at Jewish summer camps. Often simply called "the Marp."


  • mise meshune

    n. Horrible, violent, or unnatural death, often used as a curse.

  • mish

    v. To mix; to eat at other families' houses during the week of Passover.

  • mishegoss

    n. "Foolishness, nonsense, craziness." (JPS)

  • mishkan

    n. The tabernacle or temporary sanctuary in which the Divine Presence dwelled during the Jews' journeys through the desert.

  • mishlachat

    n. A delegation of young Israeli adults who work at American summer camps.

  • Mishnah

    n. An authoritative collection of exegetical material embodying the oral tradition of Jewish law and forming the first part of the Talmud.

  • Mishnah Berurah

    n. Commentary on Shulchan Aruch Orech Chaim by Israel Meir of Radin, aka the Chofetz Chaim.

  • Mishneh Torah

    n. A 12th-century code of religious law in fourteen parts written by Moses Maimonides.

  • mishpacha

    n. "Literally, "family". ...The word conveys a warm feeling of friendship." (JPS)

  • misnagdim

    n. Non-Hasidim (literally "opponents.").

  • mission

    n. An organized trip meant to expose participants to the work of a nonprofit organization, raise awareness of a cause, and/or deliver supplies or services to a deserving population. Unlike the Christian use of the word "mission," Jewish missions do not signify a proselytizing motive.

  • mitbach

    n. Kitchen.

  • mitpachat

    n. Headscarf worn by Orthodox Jews.

  • mitzvah

    n. Good deed.

  • mitzvot aseh

    n. Affirmative commandments (of the 613 commandments of the Torah).

  • mivtza

    n. A campaign run by Chabad to encourage Jewish observance.

  • Mizrachi

    adj. Of or relating to the culture, customs, or ancestry of Jews of Middle Eastern Origin.

  • MK

    n. Member of Knesset (Israel's parliament), i.e. an Israeli legislator.

  • Moadim lesimcha

    interj. Happy holiday! Greeting used on Pesach and Sukkot.

  • moadon

    n. Clubhouse, lounge.

  • Modern Orthodox

    n. Observant, but open to the outside world, general culture and education; not Yeshivish or Haredi.

  • mohel

    n. A person trained to perform Jewish ritual circumcision.

  • mora

    n. Female teacher.

  • moserim

    n. Informers.

  • moshiach

    n. The Messiah.

  • moshl

    n. Parable, example.

  • motza

    n. A large amount of money, a fortune.

  • muktzah

    n. An object that it is forbidden to handle on the Sabbath and on certain holidays (generally because the object's primary purpose involves actions considered work and forbidden on those days).

  • Munchos y buenos

    interj. Many good ones (with good health).

    Said for a birthday, anniversary or other happy occasion.

  • musaf

    n. The additional service added to the morning services on the Sabbath and holidays.

  • musar

    n. Reproof; system of ethics; discipline.

  • mushpa

    n. A mentee of a mashpia.

  • mushroom

    n. A Chabad Rabbi engaged in outreach independent of the central Chabad outreach organization.

  • mutar

    adj. Permitted for a Jew to do.

  • mutche

    v. Harass, torment, bother, annoy, nag.

  • muvan me'elav

    adj. Self-evident.