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  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • Adoshem

    n. God.

  • aleichem sholom

    interj. Peace be upon you (response to "sholom aleichem").

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • Ashkenazi

    n. (In plural) "[t]he name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France [and their descendants]...The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression" (JPS).

  • Ashkenazic

    adj. Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS).

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").

  • Baal Shem Tov

    n. Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, widely regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.

  • balaboosta

    n. Female head of household.

  • balabos

    n. Male head of a household.

  • bar mitzvah

    n. Jewish coming-of-age ceremony/celebration for a 13-year-old boy; the boy who has come of age.

  • batlan

    n. "Someone without a trade or regular means of livelihood" (Rosten).

  • beit din

    n. A rabbinical court of law (made up of three rabbis) that makes judgments on matters of Jewish religious life, especially conversion and divorce.

  • berya

    n. "Complimentary term for a talented, competent, energetic woman, especially one who gets a lot done - and does it well - around the house." (JPS Dictionary of Words)

  • Boire olam

    n. God, lit. 'creator of the world'

  • bracha

    n. Blessing (in the technical or figurative sense).

  • bris

    n. Circumcision ceremony; the celebration surrounding it. Lit. covenant.