shomer (shoh-MER) listen
shomer (SHOW-mer) listen


  • adj. Observant, observing the laws of kosher, shabbat, or negiya.

  • n. One who keeps vigil over a dead body before it is buried.

  • n. A chaperone, protector, or guard.

  • n. A camp counselor on duty.

  • n. A member of Hashomer Hatzair or a camper or counselor at a Hashomer Hatzair camp.

Example Sentences

  • "Of all the counselors, Ariele is the bunk shomer tonight."

  • "I can't shake my teacher's hand, I'm shomer."

Languages of Origin

  • Textual Hebrew
  • Yiddish


  • שומר, singular masculine, infinitive לשמור lishmor 'to guard, protect'

    • Who Uses This

      • Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
      • Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
      • Camp: Jews who attend or work at a Jewish overnight summer camp


      • North America
      • Australia / New Zealand


      • The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).


  • There is a tradition of not allowing a bride or groom to be alone lest the evil eye harm him or her before the wedding. Friends and relatives who keep them company during this time are called shomrim (שומרים). Also, there is a tradition of giving the bride and groom a few minutes alone (called yichud, ייחוד) after the chuppah ceremony. The friends or relatives who guard the door to the yichud room are called shomrim.

    See also shomer negia and shomer shabbat.

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