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  • 9 Days

    prop. n. The nine days leading up to Tisha B'Av, generally considered a time of mourning in which it is customary to abstain from eating meat, washing clothes, getting haircuts, or shaving.

  • a long life

    interj. Used to greet a mourner after someone has died.

  • answer up

    v. Counter, retort.

  • anticirc

    n. Growing movement of Jews and non-Jews who are opposed to circumcision.

  • antisemitism

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • Aramaic

    n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • ark

    n. "The cabinet at the front of an Ashkenazic synagogue that houses the Torah scroll." (JPS)

  • Ashkenazic

    adj. Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS).

  • Ashkenormative

    adj. Assuming that all Jews are Ashkenazi, not considering Jews with other backgrounds.

  • Ashki

    n. Nickname for Ashkenazi Jews.

  • b mitzvah

    n. The gender-neutral equivalent of a bar or bat mitzvah (used to be inclusive of genderfluid or nonbinary children).

  • b'shalom

    adv. "In peace" (used to sign off in written correspondence).

  • bageling

    v. Identifying another person as a Jew.

  • bark mitzvah

    n. A mock celebration for a dog, akin to a bar/bat mitzvah (meant to be comedic).

  • BCE

    adv. Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • Be well

    interj. Closing to a letter or conversation: Take care, be healthy.

  • beck

    n. Young, materialistic, shallow person.

  • Birthright

    n. A free 10-day trip to Israel for young Diaspora Jews ages 18-26. Over 400,000 Jews have been to Israel on Birthright.

  • black hat

    n. Haredi; describing people or traditions of the right end of the Orthodox continuum, encompassing Hasidic and non-Hasidic (or just non-Hasidic) Orthodox Jews, of whom the men wear black hats