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  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • amcha

    n. The every-man, everyday people; the folk (as opposed to the elite).

  • answer up

    v. Counter, retort.

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • apikorsus

    n. Heresy.

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arbes

    n. Boiled chickpeas.

  • aroisgevorfene gelt

    n. "A waste of money"; lit., thrown out money.

  • Ashkenazic

    adj. Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS).

  • askan

    n. A person who is influential in working for the community.

  • aufruf

    n. Celebration when, traditionally, the groom, and as of recently in egalitarian communities, the engaged couple is called to the Torah at the Shabbat before their wedding; that aliyah itself (aufruf means literally "to call up").

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • avade

    adv. Of course. / Obviously!

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").

  • azoy

    conj. So, thus.

  • b'emet

    interj. "As a matter of fact." (Weiser); "Really?"

  • b'laz

    adv. Abbreviation for "B'loshn am zar", "in a foreign language"; usually used by the commentator Rashi when using a Middle French expression.

  • baal gaavah

    n. An arrogant or conceited person.

  • baal taiva

    n. A greedy person, one driven by their desires (for food, sex, etc.)