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  • al hanisim

    n. A one-paragraph prayer added to the Amida on Chanukah and Purim.

  • al het

    n. "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • al regel achat

    adv. lit. "On one foot"; off-the-cuff; in short; (of a question) "[answered] very briefly and cursorily" (Glinert).

  • al tiftach peh lasatan

    (sentence) "Don't tempt Providence" (Glinert); "Do not tempt fate."

  • aleichem sholom

    interj. Peace be upon you (response to "sholom aleichem").

  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • Am Yisrael

    n. "Literally, The People of Israel." (JPS)

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • amcha

    n. The every-man, everyday people; the folk (as opposed to the elite).

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • amen selah

    interj. May it be so.

  • Amidah

    n. The Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • anash

    n. Members of the Hasidic community.

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)