- "A compilation of 300 years of rabbis' legal and ethical commentaries on the Mishnah...together, the Gemara and the Mishnah comprise the Talmud." (JPS)
- "Traditionally, Jewish boys begin studying gemara at age 10."
Languages of Origin
Textual Hebrew, Aramaic, Yiddish
Heb גמרא gemará, Yiddish גמרא g(e)móre
Who Uses This
Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush (New York, 2003).
The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).
Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
Non-Orthodox Jews are more likely to use the term "Talmud"
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