Reform

Alternative Spellings

Reform Judaism, Reform movement

Definitions

  • a Jewish movement founded on principles of the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), which rejected the binding nature of the Law and attempted to concentrate on the prophetic message; it is now the largest movement in the United States, and has an additional 1 million adherents worldwide.

Example Sentences

  • In this town we have the shul (Conservative Synagogue) and the Temple (Reform Synagogue). Over here, at the Temple, we keep eco-kosher rather than traditional kosher.

Languages of Origin

English, German

Who Uses This

Jews: Jews of diverse religious backgrounds and organizational involvements
Non-Jews: (words that have spread outside of Jewish networks)

Regions

North America

Dictionaries

Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001)

Notes

The Reform Movement is most recently known for its focus on Tikkun Olam (social justice) and ease of access, but is accused of more traditional Jewish movements as lacking in content. It does not pray for a rebuilding of the Temple. In recent decades, it has adopted the unofficial motto of "informed choice."

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