tikkun olam

Definitions

  • kabbalistic concept of mystically repairing the fabric of the world through the performance of mitzvot
  • "repairing (the) world," making the world a better place through volunteering, social justice work, and philanthropy

Example Sentences

  • "Helping the needy is an act of tikkun olam."

Languages of Origin

  • Textual Hebrew

Etymology

  • תיקון עולם
    • Who Uses This

      • Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
      • Organizations: People involved in a professional or volunteer capacity with Jewish nonprofit organizations

      Regions

      • North America

      Dictionaries

      • The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
      • Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).

      Alternative Spellings

      tikun olam

Notes

  • The modern meaning came into usage among progressive American Jews in the 1970s and became widespread in the 1990s. See history of the word in rabbinic texts here: http://www.zeek.net/706tohu/ and in Jill Jacobs' book There Shall Be No Needy.

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