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  • 9 Days

    the nine days leading up to Tisha B'av (the 15th of the month of Av), generally considered a time of mourning in which it is customary to abstain from eating meat, washing clothes, getting haircuts, or shaving

  • abba

    n. Father, dad, daddy.

  • acharon acharon chaviv

    adv. Last but not least.

  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • ad me'ah v'esrim

    interj. "[May you/he/she live]until a hundred and twenty."

  • Adar

    prop. n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year.

  • adloyada

    n. A Purim carnival.

  • admor

    n. A Hassidic spiritual leader.

  • adon olam

    a hymn in the traditional Jewish liturgy, usually recited before Shacharit and often sung after services in synagogue, made up of traits attributed to God

  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • agunah

    A woman whose husband has refused her a Jewish divorce.

  • ahavas yisroel

    "Love of one's fellow Jew" (Glinert)

  • Akedah

    The binding of Isaac (episode in the Torah)

  • akum

    A Talmudic term for a heathen.

  • al hanisim

    A one-paragraph prayer added to the Amida on Chanukah and Purim.

  • al het

    "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • al regel achat

    lit. "on one foot"; off-the-cuff; "To answer a question or deal with a query very briefly and cursorily." (Glinert)

  • Aleinu

    "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)