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  • b mitzvah

    n. The gender-neutral equivalent of a bar or bat mitzvah (used to be inclusive of genderfluid or nonbinary children).

  • bar mitzvah

    n. Jewish coming-of-age ceremony/celebration for a 13-year-old boy; the boy who has come of age.

  • bat mitzvah

    n. In gender egalitarian communities, the ceremony of a 13- (or 12-) year-old girl's first calling up to the Torah, symbolizing her adulthood in Jewish life. can also refer to the girl herself. In Orthodox communities, refers to celebration of girl turning 12. "Celebration of a Jewish girl's coming of age; a girl who has reached that age." (Glinert)

  • Chabad

    n. An outreach-oriented branch of Hasidic Judaism that follows the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Chabad has thousands of branches around the world, including at many college campuses.

  • challah

    n. "The braided egg bread that traditionally is eaten on almost every Jewish holiday and [the Sabbath]" (JPS).

  • chutzpah

    n. Guts (positive).

  • goy

    n. A nation, but not the Jewish nation.

  • halleluyah

    interj. Praise God.

  • Hanukkah

    n. The winter-time festival that commemorates the rededication of the Temple after the Maccabean revolt in the second century B.C.E. (lit. "dedication")

  • Hasid

    n. A disciple of a rabbi.

  • Hasidic

    adj. Of or relating to Hasidic Judaism or Hasidic Jews.

  • Haskalah

    n. 19th century Jewish Enlightenment, in which modern philosophy and literature entered Jewish consciousness

  • Hillel

    n. An organization for Jewish college life, especially in North America.

  • Kabbalah

    n. A Jewish mystical work, sometimes used as a catch-all term for Jewish mysticism. "The Jewish mystical tradition." (JPS)

  • klezmer

    n. "Eastern European style of instrumental music." (JPS)

  • kosher

    adj. "Acceptable according to Jewish [ritual] law" (JPS); "trustworthy, reliable" (Rosten); acceptable according to dietary laws.

  • l'chaim

    interj. Traditional toast. [lit. "to life" (Rosten)]

  • mannah

    n. The food that fell from the sky to feed the wandering Israelites in the Bible.

  • matzo

    n. Unleavened bread eaten on Passover.

  • matzoh ball

    n. Dumpling made with matzah meal and eggs and generally served in chicken soup.