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  • acharon acharon chaviv

    adv. Last but not least.

  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • ad me'ah v'esrim

    interj. "[May you/he/she live] until a hundred and twenty."

  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • admor

    n. A Hassidic spiritual leader.

  • Adon Olam

    n. A hymn in the traditional Jewish liturgy, usually recited before Shacharit and often sung after services in synagogue, made up of traits attributed to God.

  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • agunah

    n. A woman whose husband has refused her a get.

  • ahavas yisroel

    n. "Love of one's fellow Jew." (Glinert)

  • Akedah

    n. The binding of Isaac (episode in the Torah)

  • akum

    n. A Talmudic term for a heathen.

  • al hanisim

    n. A one-paragraph prayer added to the Amida on Chanukah and Purim.

  • al het

    n. "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • al regel achat

    adv. lit. "On one foot"; off-the-cuff; in short; (of a question) "[answered] very briefly and cursorily" (Glinert).

  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • Am Yisrael

    n. "Literally, The People of Israel." (JPS)

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.