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  • (to) kasher

    to make kosher

  • 9 Days

    prop. n. The nine days leading up to Tisha B'Av, generally considered a time of mourning in which it is customary to abstain from eating meat, washing clothes, getting haircuts, or shaving.

  • ad me'ah v'esrim

    interj. "[May you/he/she live] until a hundred and twenty."

  • amcha

    n. The every-man, everyday people; the folk (as opposed to the elite).

  • amen selah

    interj. May it be so.

  • Arvit

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • b'al pe

    adv. Learned by heart, from memory.

  • b'tzelem Elohim

    adv. lit. "In God's image."

  • baitsim

    n. Balls, testicles, lit. 'eggs'.

  • basari

    adj. Refers to foods that contain meat as well as utensils and dishes used to cook, serve, and eat meat.

  • bat chayil

    n. Bat mitzvah, particularly a celebration in Orthodox communities that does not include services or reading from the Torah.

  • bench gomel

    v. To say the blessing (called Gomel) said after someone survives a life-threatening situation; often recited pro forma after surviving childbirth or trans-oceanic travel.

  • besorot tovot

    n. Good tidings, good news.

  • bimheira v'yameinu

    adv. Speedily and in our days.

  • bond of life

    n. Common translation of the Hebrew "tzror ha-hayim," referring to a transcendent realm where the souls of righteous are kept in safekeeping.

  • borei nefashos

    n. One of the blessings recited after eating food. Usually if a "Shehakol" blessing would be recited before eating.

  • break fast

    n. The meal that takes place after a fast.

  • Breslover

    n. A follower of the Hasidic branch of Judaism that adheres to the teachings of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, the great-grandson of the Baal Shem Tov.

  • bruchim haba'im

    interj. Welcome! [lit. "blessed are those who come"]

  • Chagei Tishrei

    pl. prop. n. The major Jewish holidays that fall in the month of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, and Simchat Torah).