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  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • adloyada

    n. A Purim carnival.

  • admor

    n. A Hassidic spiritual leader.

  • Adoshem

    n. God.

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • akum

    n. A Talmudic term for a heathen.

  • aleichem sholom

    interj. Peace be upon you (response to "sholom aleichem").

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • arbes

    n. Boiled chickpeas.

  • askan

    n. A person who is influential in working for the community.

  • assur

    adj. Forbidden.

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • avade

    adv. Of course. / Obviously!

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").