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  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • al regel achat

    adv. lit. "On one foot"; off-the-cuff; in short; (of a question) "[answered] very briefly and cursorily" (Glinert).

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • Arava

    n. "The dry lowland area of the eastern Negev, often called the Aravah Valley" (JPS)

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • b'vakasha

    adv. "Literally, 'please'. It can be used in various ways, including "please go ahead" and at the end of a sentence as 'you're welcome'" (JPS).

  • balagan

    n. "A disorderly, confusing, and/or overwhelming situation" (Glinert).

  • baruch haba

    interj. "Welcome!"

  • bechiya ledorot

    n. "A cause for eternal regret" (Glinert).

  • besamim

    n. "Literally, 'spices.' It almost always refers to the spices in the spice box used for the Havdalah ceremony" (JPS).

  • beseder

    adv. and adj. Alright; fine. [lit. "in order"]; "OK" (Glinert).

  • beteavon

    interj. Bon appetit; enjoy your meal; dig in. Glinert: "Literally, 'bon appetit!'"

  • bitachon

    n. Faith, trust.

  • burekas

    n. A Turkish pastry filled with potatoes, other vegetables, and sometimes cheese.

  • chag

    n. Holiday.

  • chag sameach

    interj. "Literally, 'Happy Holiday.' The traditional, all-purpose greeting exchanged on almost any Jewish holiday" (JPS).

  • chalutzim

    n. Pioneers in the building of the State of Israel.

  • chanukiah

    n. Nine-branched menorah / candelabrum used on Chanukah.

  • chasidei umot haolam

    n. "The pious of the world" (Glinert), non-Jews who have been particularly righteous and/or follow the seven Noahide Laws.

  • chiloni

    adj. (Of Jewish people or institutions) secular, not religious.