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  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • al hanisim

    n. A one-paragraph prayer added to the Amida on Chanukah and Purim.

  • al het

    n. "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • al tiftach peh lasatan

    (sentence) "Don't tempt Providence" (Glinert); "Do not tempt fate."

  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)

  • aravot

    pl. n. "The branches of the willow that are part of the lulav used on Sukkot" (JPS).

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arba minim

    n. "The four plant species used on Sukkot [lulav, etrog, hadas, and arava]" (Glinert).

  • Asara B'Tevet

    n. "A minor fast day that falls on the 10th of Tevet. It commemorates the start of the siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia in 586 B.C.E., which is considered the beginning of the destruction of the First Temple" (JPS).

  • aseret y'mei teshuvah

    n. "Ten Days of Penitence" (Glinert), the ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

  • assur

    adj. Forbidden.

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • aveil

    n. "Someone who is in mourning" (Glinert).

  • aveilus

    n. Mourning (Glinert).