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  • aseret y'mei teshuvah

    n. "Ten Days of Penitence" (Glinert), the ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

  • ba'al tekiah

    n. "The title for the person who blows the shofar on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur" (JPS).

  • chag sameach

    interj. "Literally, 'Happy Holiday.' The traditional, all-purpose greeting exchanged on almost any Jewish holiday" (JPS).

  • chatan bereshit

    n. "Bridegroom of Genesis" (Glinert), an honor given to an important member of the community on the holiday of Simchat Torah where the honoree is called up to the Torah for the last reading, which contains the first lines of the Torah.

  • chatan torah

    n. "Bridegroom of the Torah" (Glinert), an honor given to an important member of the community on the holiday of Simchat Torah where the honoree is called up to the Torah for the penultimate reading, which contains the last lines of the Torah.

  • hachnosas kallah

    n. Charitable support for poor young women to get married.

  • kallah

    n. Jewish communal gathering, conference.

  • kavanah

    n. "Attention to the meaning, spirit, and purpose of words." (Weiser)

  • kesiva vechasima tova

    n. "A good writing and sealing (in the Book of Life)!" Formal Ashkenazi greeting on Rosh Hashanah.

  • Rosh Chodesh

    start of a new month in the Hebrew calendar

  • ruach

    spirit, "spiritedness, morale" (JPS)

  • shidduch

    a date in the process of finding one's spouse

  • tachlis

    practical details of a matter, "brass tacks" (as in, "Let's get down to brass tacks.")

  • Tu Bishvat

    prop. n. Jewish Arbor Day, the New Year for Trees.

  • tza'ar ba'alei chayim

    pity for living creatures (Steinmetz), or compassion for animals.