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  • antisemitism

    Hatred against Jews.

  • atzilut

    "the world of divine emanations" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • Chabad

    an outreach-oriented branch of Hasidic Judaism that follows the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Chabad has thousands of branches around the world, including at many college campuses.

  • Eretz Yisroel

    Israel

  • farbrengen

    a gathering or celebration that includes a spiritual or religious component

  • g'mar chatima tova

    "A customary greeting among Jews on Yom Kippur [and the period between Yom Kippur and Rosh haShanah]" (JPS). lit. "a good end of [the process of] sealing [in the Book of Life]".

  • gelilah

    n. "Binding and bedecking of the Torah scroll[.]" (Glinert)

  • get

    a writ or deed of divorce

  • hagba

    n. The ceremonial raising of a Sefer Torah for all the congregation to see.

  • Hillel

    an organization for Jewish college life, especially in North America

  • Knesset

    Israel's parliament

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • maccabiah

    international Jewish sports competition, known as the Jewish Olympics, held (mostly) every four years since 1932; smaller regional competitions held in Jewish community centers around the world

  • mashgiach

    "a person, usually an Orthodox Jew, who inspects and makes sure all the laws of kashrut are followed [in a slaughterhouse, food-processing factory, restaurant, catering hall, or the like]" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • matzah meal

    "finely crumbled, crushed matzah used as a flour substitute in cooking during Pesach" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • Mishnah

    an authoritative collection of exegetical material embodying the oral tradition of Jewish law and forming the first part of the Talmud

  • Mishneh Torah

    a 12th-century code of religious law in fourteen parts written by Moses Maimonides

  • pardes

    "An acronym for the four levels of understanding possible when reading a sacred text like the Torah. These are peshat, the literal, obvious meaning of the text; remez, the meaning that is only hinted at; derash, the symbolic, interpretive meaning of the text; and sod, the secret hidden, or mystical meaning of the passage." (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • Purim

    A joyous holiday that takes place in February or March on the 14th of Adar, retelling the story of the Book of Esther.