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  • Adoshem

    n. God.

  • aleichem sholom

    interj. Peace be upon you (response to "sholom aleichem").

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").

  • balaboosta

    n. Female head of household.

  • balabos

    n. Male head of a household.

  • balabotish

    adj. "Quiet; respectable; well mannered" (Rosten). "middle class"; normal.

  • batlan

    n. "Someone without a trade or regular means of livelihood" (Rosten).

  • Boire olam

    n. God, lit. 'creator of the world'

  • bubbale

    n. Sweetie, darling [term of endearment].

  • chametzdik

    adj. Containing or contaminated with chametz (and therefore unfit to be used or eaten by observant Jews on Pesach).

  • cheder

    n. Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • chillul Hashem

    n. Disgracing God's name; an action that might be looked down upon; an action that might make Jews look bad.

  • dayan

    n. A rabbinic judge who may directly question and cross-examine witnesses.

  • fress

    v. To gobble up food; to gorge oneself. "To eat quickly or noisily, like an animal." (JPS)

  • gaon

    n. "A title of honor for the rabbis and teachers who were the spiritual heads of the Babylonian yeshivot between the 6th and 11th centuries C.E." (JPS)

  • gemara

    n. "A compilation of 300 years of rabbis' legal and ethical commentaries on the Mishnah...together, the Gemara and the Mishnah comprise the Talmud." (JPS)

  • get

    n. A writ or deed of divorce.

  • goyish

    adj. "In the manner or style of a non-Jewish person" (JPS), especially something WASPy or "white bread."