teshuvah (TSHOO-vuh) listen
teshuvah (tshoo-VAH) listen
teshuvah (te-SHOO-vuh) listen
teshuvah (te-shoo-VAH) listen


  • n. Repentance, penitence.

  • n. A responsum; rabbinic answer.

  • n. A response, answer.

Example Sentences

  • "The period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur is one of intense soul-searching and teshuvah for many Jews."

  • "Don't put the fleishik mustard on the cheese sandwich, Shmuel! You're going to do teshuvah for that, right?"

  • "Rabbi Aaron H. Blumenthal’s minority teshuvah argued for women being allowed aliyot on all and any occasion, while Rabbi Sanders Tofield’s majority teshuvah argued that aliyot for women be restricted to special occasions." (source)

  • "In Jewish tradition, we would call this teshuvah — a process of reparations and restorative justice." (source)

  • "He comes into synagogue for half an hour and he's already dashing back to the office? He must have discovered a new quick way of doing teshuva." (Glinert)

Languages of Origin

  • Textual Hebrew
  • Yiddish


  • תְּשׁוּבָה⁩ t'shuvá, lit. 'return' > Y תּשובֿה tshuve

    • Who Uses This

      • Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
      • Older: Jews who are middle-aged and older
      • Ashkenazim: Jews with Ashkenazi heritage


      • North America
      • Great Britain
      • South Africa
      • Australia / New Zealand


      • Yiddish and English: A Century of Yiddish in America, by Sol Steinmetz (Tuscaloosa, 1986).
      • The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
      • The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).
      • Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).

      Alternative Spellings

      tshuve, tshuva, teshuva, t'shuvah, t'shuva


  • plural: 'tshuvot' or 'tshuves'

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