n. The principle that the law of saving a person's life takes precedence over all other laws, with the exception of the laws prohibiting idolatry, incestuous relations, and the murder of an innocent person.
"Organ donation in Jewish law is one classic example of the obligation to violate a commandment because of pikuach nefesh."
"For example, a sick person or a pregnant woman is obligated to eat on Yom Kippur when others fast because of pikuach nefesh. An Orthodox Jew might drive his car on Shabbat if he needs to get his sick child to the hospital." (JPS)
Languages of Origin
- Textual Hebrew
פיקוח נפש pikkuach nefesh 'saving a soul'
- Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
- Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
- Jews: Jews of diverse religious backgrounds and organizational involvements
- Organizations: People involved in a professional or volunteer capacity with Jewish nonprofit organizations
- North America
- Great Britain
- South Africa
- Australia / New Zealand
- The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
- Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
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