Alternative Spellings

tzimes, tsimmes, tsimes


  • "A prolonged procedure, and involved business, a mix-up" (Rosten).
  • "A sweet, baked dish of vegetables or fruit. Carrot tzimmes, a popular version, includes carrots, sweet potatoes, dried apricots, raisins, sugar, and cinnamon" (JPS).
  • "Troubles, difficulties, a contretemps" (Rosten).

Example Sentences

  • "The last time I had tzimmes was on Rosh Hashanah."
  • "I put sweet potatoes, carrots, and prunes in my tzimmes, with lots of honey."
  • "Don't make a whole tsimes out of it." (Rosten)
  • "Skip the fuss. Leave the tsimes to us." (Rosten)

Languages of Origin



צימעס tsimes 'baked, sweet stew'

Who Uses This

Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)


North America


The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush (New York, 2003[1968]).
Yiddish and English: A Century of Yiddish in America, by Sol Steinmetz (Tuscaloosa, 1986).
Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001)


"A Yiddish contraction of tsum esn 'to eat'" (Rosten).

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