hummus

Alternative Spellings

hommus, khomus, chomus, homus, khoummus, choummus, hoummus, khoumus, choumus, houmus, khummus, chummus, khumus, humus, chumus, chommus, khommus

Definitions

  • A purée of ground chickpeas and sesame seeds.

Example Sentences

  • "The best hummus in Israel is in Haifa."
  • "Can I have a bit more chumus to dip my pitta in?" (Glinert)

Languages of Origin

Modern Hebrew

Etymology

חומוס chumus 'chickpea spread, hummus'

Who Uses This

Jews: Jews of diverse religious backgrounds and organizational involvements
Israel: Diaspora Jews who feel connected to Israel and have spent time there
Non-Jews: (words that have spread outside of Jewish networks)

Regions

North America

Dictionaries

The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).
Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001)

Notes

"modern Hebrew hummus, an Israeli loan word from Arabic, in which it is the plural form ('chickpeas') of the singular himmasa (a single chickpea). In Arabic and Hebrew alike, hummus denotes both the chickpea itself and the paste or dip that is made from it. A staple of the Palestinian Arab diet, the dip has spread to many parts of the world. In the classical Hebrew of the Talmud, on the other hand, hummus is known as himtsa" (https://forward.com/articles/2119/chickpeas/).

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