eshet chayil

Alternative Spellings

eshet hayil, eyshes chayil, eyshet chayil


  • "woman of valor" (JPS); poem about such a woman in Proverbs 31.

Example Sentences

  • "Mrs. Cohen is a real eshet chayil."

Languages of Origin

Textual Hebrew


אשת חיל

Who Uses This

Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education


North America


The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
The Joys of Hebrew, by Lewis Glinert (New York, 1992).


The poem is traditionally sung Friday nights. This practice is more common among Orthodox Jews.

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