Alternative Spellings

chuchum, haham, hacham, chochem, chocham, khokhem


  • rabbi (Sephardi)
  • wise, learned person; genius
  • wiseguy

Example Sentences

  • "Chacham (Sephardic equivalent of “Rabbi”) Yosef Chaim, known as the “Ben Ish Chai,” became the Rav of Baghdad at the age of twenty-five, in the year 5619 (1859), the year following the death of his father, Chacham Rav Eliyahu." (
  • "Every chacham deserves kavod." "That guy is quite a chacham, getting all those credit cards with no credit history" (Weiser)
  • "Chacham! Where did you learn how to weld?!"

Languages of Origin

Textual Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino


Heb חכם khakhám, Yiddish חכם khókhem 'wise man; ironic: a fool', Ladino חכם hacham 'teacher, rabbinic leader'

Who Uses This

Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law)
Ashkenazim: Jews with Ashkenazi heritage
Sephardim: Jews with Sephardi or Mizrahi heritage


North America


Frumspeak: The First Dictionary of Yeshivish, by Chaim Weiser (Northvale, 1995).
Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).


plural chachomim (חכמים)

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