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  • antisemitism

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • bagel

    n. "A leavened, firm, doughnut shaped roll" (JPS).

  • bar mitzvah

    n. Jewish coming-of-age ceremony/celebration for a 13-year-old boy; the boy who has come of age.

  • bat mitzvah

    n. In gender egalitarian communities, the ceremony of a 13- (or 12-) year-old girl's first calling up to the Torah, symbolizing her adulthood in Jewish life. can also refer to the girl herself. In Orthodox communities, refers to celebration of girl turning 12. "Celebration of a Jewish girl's coming of age; a girl who has reached that age." (Glinert)

  • BCE

    adv. Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • bupkis

    adv. Nothing.

  • challah

    n. "The braided egg bread that traditionally is eaten on almost every Jewish holiday and [the Sabbath]" (JPS).

  • chutzpah

    n. Guts (positive).

  • Conservative Judaism

    n. Originally known as "historical positive Judaism," a denomination that combines observance with an idea of "halachic process." See further comments below.

  • Diaspora

    n. "The term for Jewish communities and their residents who live outside of the State of Israel" (JPS).

  • dreidel

    n. "A small, four-sided spinning top used in a game during Chanukah" (JPS); the top itself.

  • falafel

    n. The deep-fried chick pea ball itself.

  • goy

    n. A nation, but not the Jewish nation.

  • Hagiographa

    n. The formal English name of the Ketuvim, usually translated as "the Writings."

  • hamsa

    n. A hand-shaped amulet (often a wall-hanging or jewelry) conferring good luck or protection, popular in Israel and originally from the Middle East / North Africa.

  • Hanukkah

    n. The winter-time festival that commemorates the rededication of the Temple after the Maccabean revolt in the second century B.C.E. (lit. "dedication")

  • Hasid

    n. A disciple of a rabbi.

  • Hasidic

    adj. Of or relating to Hasidic Judaism or Hasidic Jews.

  • hummus

    n. A puree of ground chickpeas and sesame seeds.

  • Kabbalah

    n. A Jewish mystical work, sometimes used as a catch-all term for Jewish mysticism. "The Jewish mystical tradition." (JPS)