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  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • alte bubby

    n. Old woman, great-grandmother.

  • alte haym

    n. Eastern Europe.

  • alter bocher

    n. A man that is too old not to be married.

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • amen

    interj. Agreed. "The word used at the end of prayer to signify affirmation." (Rosten)

  • amen selah

    interj. May it be so.

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • anash

    n. Members of the Hasidic community.

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)

  • aniyim

    pl. n. Poor people.

  • answer up

    v. Counter, retort.

  • apikorsus

    n. Heresy.

  • aravot

    pl. n. "The branches of the willow that are part of the lulav used on Sukkot" (JPS).

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arba minim

    n. "The four plant species used on Sukkot [lulav, etrog, hadas, and arava]" (Glinert).