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  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • Baal Shem Tov

    n. Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, widely regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.

  • chamishi

    n. The fifth aliyah in a Torah service.

  • chatzi kaddish

    n. Half kaddish: a prayer that praises God and occurs several times during services, marking the separation between different parts of the service.

  • Cheshvan

    n. The second month of the Jewish calendar (or eighth if counting from Nisan).

  • daled amos

    n. "Four cubits", a unit of measurement in halacha in ritual and property law.

  • Elul

    n. The twelfth month of the Jewish calendar (or sixth if counting from Nisan).

  • Eretz Yisroel

    n. Israel.

  • g'mar chatima tova

    interj. "A customary greeting among Jews on Yom Kippur [and the period between Yom Kippur and Rosh haShanah]" (JPS). lit. "a good end of [the process of] sealing [in the Book of Life]".

  • gelilah

    n. "Binding and bedecking of the Torah scroll[.]" (Glinert)

  • hadass

    n. Myrtle, one of the arba minim used ritually on Sukkot.

  • hagba

    n. The ceremonial raising of a Sefer Torah for all the congregation to see.

  • halachic

    adj. Relating to or dictated by halacha.

  • halachically

    adv. According to halacha, with regard to halacha.

  • Iyar

    n. The eighth month of the Jewish calendar (or second if counting from Nisan).

  • karpas

    n. A vegetable (traditionally a green, leafy one, namely parsley, but can be any vegetable that grows from the ground) used in the Passover seder to symbolize new spring

  • kinus

    gathering

  • Kislev

    prop. n. The third month of the Jewish calendar (or ninth if counting from Nisan).

  • Lag BaOmer

    prop. n. The thirty-third day of the Omer on which the Omer's customs of semi-mourning pause for a day and on which it is a tradition to hold a bonfire and celebrate.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.