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  • bat chayil

    Bat mitzvah, particularly a celebration in Orthodox communities that does not include services or reading from the Torah.

  • bekitzur

    "Briefly or concisely: succinctly" (Weiser)

  • bsari

    refers to foods that contain meat as well as utensils and dishes used to cook, serve, and eat meat

  • chalavi

    refers to dairy foods as well as utensils and dishes used to cook, serve, and eat dairy products

  • chamishi

    the fifth aliyah

  • chatzi kaddish

    half kaddish: a prayer that praises God and occurs several times during services, marking the separation between different parts of the service.

  • cheder

    Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • daled amos

    "four cubits", a unit of measurement in halacha in ritual and property law

  • Eretz Yisroel


  • frumkeit

    Jewish religiosity, frumness

  • g'mar chatima tova

    "A customary greeting among Jews on Yom Kippur [and the period between Yom Kippur and Rosh haShanah]" (JPS). lit. "a good end of [the process of] sealing [in the Book of Life]".

  • gelilah

    "Binding and bedecking of the Torah scroll" (Glinert)

  • hagba

    the ceremonial raising of a Sefer Torah for all the congregation to see

  • hesped

    eulogy, funeral oration

  • kinus


  • kishkas

    Intestines, gut

  • licht bentschen

    the time at which it is prescribed to light candles for Shabbat or yontif (18 minutes before shkiah [sunset, which officially begins Shabbat/chag])

  • Maariv

    the Jewish evening prayer service

  • mashgiach

    "a person, usually an Orthodox Jew, who inspects and makes sure all the laws of kashrut are followed [in a slaughterhouse, food-processing factory, restaurant, catering hall, or the like]" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • matzah meal

    "finely crumbled, crushed matzah used as a flour substitute in cooking during Pesach" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)