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  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • Am Yisrael

    n. "Literally, The People of Israel." (JPS)

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • amcha

    n. The every-man, everyday people; the folk (as opposed to the elite).

  • amen selah

    interj. May it be so.

  • Amidah

    n. The Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • Aramaic

    n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • aravot

    pl. n. "The branches of the willow that are part of the lulav used on Sukkot" (JPS).

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arba minim

    n. "The four plant species used on Sukkot [lulav, etrog, hadas, and arava]" (Glinert).

  • arbes

    n. Boiled chickpeas.

  • ark

    n. "The cabinet at the front of an Ashkenazic synagogue that houses the Torah scroll." (JPS)

  • aron kodesh

    n. "Literally, "holy ark"." (JPS)

  • Arvit

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.