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  • abba

    n. Father, dad, daddy.

  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • Adar

    n. The sixth month of the Jewish calendar year (or twelfth if counting from Nisan).

  • adloyada

    n. A Purim carnival.

  • admor

    n. A Hassidic spiritual leader.

  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • akum

    n. A Talmudic term for a heathen.

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • Amalek

    n. The biblical name of the nomadic people descended from Esau who became the enemies of the people of Israel.

  • Amidah

    n. The Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • amud

    n. Page (in a prayerbook).

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • Aramaic

    n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • arbes

    n. Boiled chickpeas.

  • ark

    n. "The cabinet at the front of an Ashkenazic synagogue that houses the Torah scroll." (JPS)

  • aufruf

    n. Celebration when, traditionally, the groom, and as of recently in egalitarian communities, the engaged couple is called to the Torah at the Shabbat before their wedding; that aliyah itself (aufruf means literally "to call up").

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).