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  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • Baal Shem Tov

    n. Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, widely regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.

  • beit din

    n. A rabbinical court of law (made up of three rabbis) that makes judgments on matters of Jewish religious life, especially conversion and divorce.

  • bench

    v. JPS: "To recite a blessing. It usually refers to Birkat ha-Mazon, the Grace after Meals... The word can also refer to the reciting of any blessing; for example, the expression bentsch licht means to light Shabbat [or Chanukah] candles."

  • bracha

    n. Blessing (in the technical or figurative sense).

  • chametzdik

    adj. Containing or contaminated with chametz (and therefore unfit to be used or eaten by observant Jews on Pesach).

  • chazan

    n. The official at a synagogue who leads the congregation in prayer and song (JPS).

  • chazir

    n. Pork.

  • cheder

    n. Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • daven

    v. Pray; lead services.

  • Elohim

    n. "One of the many names used to refer to God" (JPS)

  • Eretz Yisroel

    n. Israel.

  • fleishig

    adj. "The general term for food in the meat category, according to the Jewish dietary laws." (JPS)

  • fresser

    n. Big eater, "pig". "A heavy eater." (JPS)

  • frum

    adj. Religious; observant; Orthodox.

  • gaon

    n. "A title of honor for the rabbis and teachers who were the spiritual heads of the Babylonian yeshivot between the 6th and 11th centuries C.E." (JPS)

  • gelt

    n. Money (slang usage).

  • gematria

    n. "An ancient system of Hebrew numerology," (JPS), in which each Hebrew letter possesses a numerical value, allowing words or phrases to express possible "hidden" meaning (when one adds up the letters' values).