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  • atzilut

    n. "The world of divine emanations" (Eisenberg & Scolnic).

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • chametzdik

    adj. Containing or contaminated with chametz (and therefore unfit to be used or eaten by observant Jews on Pesach).

  • Cheshvan

    n. The second month of the Jewish calendar (or eighth if counting from Nisan).

  • Elul

    n. The twelfth month of the Jewish calendar (or sixth if counting from Nisan).

  • farbrengen

    n. A gathering or celebration that includes a spiritual or religious component.

  • g'mar chatima tova

    interj. "A customary greeting among Jews on Yom Kippur [and the period between Yom Kippur and Rosh haShanah]" (JPS). lit. "a good end of [the process of] sealing [in the Book of Life]".

  • get

    n. A writ or deed of divorce.

  • hadass

    n. Myrtle, one of the arba minim used ritually on Sukkot.

  • Iyar

    n. The eighth month of the Jewish calendar (or second if counting from Nisan).

  • Kislev

    n. The third month of the Jewish calendar (or ninth if counting from Nisan).

  • Lag BaOmer

    n. The thirty-third day of the Omer on which the Omer's customs of semi-mourning pause for a day and on which it is a tradition to hold a bonfire and celebrate.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • Nisan

    prop. n. The seventh month of the Jewish calendar (or first if counting from it).

  • pardes

    "An acronym for the four levels of understanding possible when reading a sacred text like the Torah. These are peshat, the literal, obvious meaning of the text; remez, the meaning that is only hinted at; derash, the symbolic, interpretive meaning of the text; and sod, the secret hidden, or mystical meaning of the passage." (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • Pirkei Avot

    prop. n. "[A] collection of maxims, quotes, and popular sayings from ancient Jewish sages and scholars" (Eisenberg & Scolnic).

  • remez

    "a mark or detail that suggests the existence of implicit information, a trace, an allusion" (Weiser)

  • rishon

    "Earlier rabbis and scholars, who lived from around the 11th to the mid-15th century C.E., before the Shulchan Arukh, the compilation of Jewish law, was written." (JPS)

  • Sefer Torah

    n. A Torah scroll (a scroll with the text of The Five Books of Moses on it).