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  • Baal Shem Tov

    n. Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, widely regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.

  • chametzdik

    adj. Containing or contaminated with chametz (and therefore unfit to be used or eaten by observant Jews on Pesach).

  • Eretz Yisroel

    n. Israel.

  • Lag BaOmer

    n. The thirty-third day of the Omer on which the Omer's customs of semi-mourning pause for a day and on which it is a tradition to hold a bonfire and celebrate.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • Purim

    A joyous holiday that takes place in February or March on the 14th of Adar, retelling the story of the Book of Esther.

  • rebetzin

    wife of a rabbi

  • Sefer Torah

    n. A Torah scroll (a scroll with the text of The Five Books of Moses on it).

  • Shacharit

    n. The Jewish morning prayer service.

  • Shavuot

    prop. n. A Jewish holiday celebrating the anniversary of Moses receiving the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai and the first harvest of spring.

  • Shema

    prayer recited in most services as well as at bedtime, and when death is imminent; one of the most important and well-known prayers in Judaism

  • Simchat Torah

    prop. n. A Jewish holiday celebrating the end of the annual cycle of Torah readings and the beginning of the next one.

  • Tisha B'Av

    prop. n. The 9th of Av, a Jewish fast day on which it is believed that the First and Second Temples were destroyed, said by some to be the saddest day on the Jewish calendar.