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  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • broiges

    adj. Angry, annoyed.

  • cheder

    n. Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • get

    n. A writ or deed of divorce.

  • Lag BaOmer

    prop. n. The thirty-third day of the Omer on which the Omer's customs of semi-mourning pause for a day and on which it is a tradition to hold a bonfire and celebrate.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • meshulach

    a rabbinical emissary sent to collect charity funds

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • rishon

    "Earlier rabbis and scholars, who lived from around the 11th to the mid-15th century C.E., before the Shulchan Arukh, the compilation of Jewish law, was written." (JPS)

  • rosh yeshiva

    n. The head of a yeshiva.

  • Sefer Torah

    n. A Torah scroll (a scroll with the text of The Five Books of Moses on it).

  • Shacharit

    n. The Jewish morning prayer service.

  • shechita

    Kosher animal slaughter.

  • Shiva Asar B'Tamuz

    prop. n. The 17th of Tamuz, a minor Jewish fast day on which it is believed that the walls of Jerusalem were breached in ancient times.

  • Taanit Esther

    prop. n. A minor Jewish fast day on the day before Purim commemorating "how Queen Esther fasted and prayed to God for guidance before she agreed to go before King Ahasuerus, pleading with him to spare the Jews of ancient Persia [from Haman]" (JPS).

  • tikkun leil Shavuot

    n. The tradition of staying up all night on Shavuot to engage in Jewish learning.

  • Tzom Gedaliah

    prop. n. The Fast of Gedaliah, "a minor Jewish fast day...lament[ing] the assassination of Gedaliah, the righteous governor of [Judea]...[whose] death ended Jewish autonomy following the destruction of the First Temple" (source).

  • yasher koach

    Thank you (used by Orthodox Jews)

  • yechidus

    a private audience a rebbe to obtain his advice or blessing

  • yesod

    n. "Basis, or essential, guiding principle: fundamental" (Weiser); "foundation" (Steinmetz, Dictionary of Jewish Usage; Eisenberg & Scolnic); "groundwork" (Steinmetz, Yiddish and English).