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  • cheder

    Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • Eretz Yisroel

    Israel

  • gelilah

    n. "Binding and bedecking of the Torah scroll[.]" (Glinert)

  • hagba

    n. The ceremonial raising of a Sefer Torah for all the congregation to see.

  • hesped

    eulogy, funeral oration

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • mashgiach

    "a person, usually an Orthodox Jew, who inspects and makes sure all the laws of kashrut are followed [in a slaughterhouse, food-processing factory, restaurant, catering hall, or the like]" (Eisenberg & Scolnic)

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • Mishnah

    an authoritative collection of exegetical material embodying the oral tradition of Jewish law and forming the first part of the Talmud

  • Purim

    A joyous holiday that takes place in February or March on the 14th of Adar, retelling the story of the Book of Esther.

  • refua shlema

    "Get well soon." Lit. "full recovery"

  • rishon

    "Earlier rabbis and scholars, who lived from around the 11th to the mid-15th century C.E., before the Shulchan Arukh, the compilation of Jewish law, was written." (JPS)

  • rosh yeshiva

    n. The head of a yeshiva.

  • Sefer Torah

    n. A Torah scroll (a scroll with the text of The Five Books of Moses on it).

  • Shabbos

    the Jewish Sabbath

  • Shacharit

    n. The Jewish morning prayer service.

  • shaliach tzibbur

    Jewish prayer leader

  • shatnez

    mixture of wool and linen in a garment, which is prohibited by Jewish law

  • sofer

    A scribe trained in transcribing the Torah, mezuzah, tefillin scriptures and other religious texts on parchment.

  • yasher koach

    Thank you (used by Orthodox Jews)