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  • achron

    n. "Latter-day religious authorit[y]... scholar...of the Renaissance and later times[.]" (Glinert).

  • Adonai

    "Literally, 'my Lord', another word for God." (JPS)

  • aggadah

    n. Parts of the Talmud and Midrash that do not deal with law, including stories, fables, and sayings.

  • agunah

    n. A woman whose husband has refused her a get.

  • ahavas yisroel

    n. "Love of one's fellow Jew." (Glinert)

  • Akedah

    n. The binding of Isaac (episode in the Torah)

  • al het

    n. "A Yom Kippur prayer that asks forgiveness for a multitude of sins committed during the previous year" (JPS).

  • Aleinu

    n. "A prayer in praise of God, Aleinu acknowledges the unique relationship between God and the Jewish people" (JPS)

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • aliyah

    n. "Calling to the reading of the Torah." (Glinert)

  • Am Yisrael

    n. "Literally, The People of Israel." (JPS)

  • Amidah

    n. The Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

  • amora

    n. A Talmudic sage whose teachings comprise the Gemara. "Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah" (JPS).

  • ani maamin

    n. The thirteen articles of Jewish faith written by Maimonides, each beginning with the phrase "ani maamin" ("I believe"). "The twelfth of which says, I believe believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah. Even though he may tarry I will wait for him on any day that he may come'" (JPS).

  • Anim Zmirot

    n. "A hymn composed of an alphabetic acrostic of 31 lines, generally sung in front of the open ark at the conclusion of the Musaf service on Shabbat." (JPS)

  • aravot

    pl. n. "The branches of the willow that are part of the lulav used on Sukkot" (JPS).

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • arba minim

    n. "The four plant species used on Sukkot [lulav, etrog, hadas, and arava]" (Glinert).

  • aron kodesh

    n. "Literally, "holy ark"." (JPS)

  • Asara B'Tevet

    n. "A minor fast day that falls on the 10th of Tevet. It commemorates the start of the siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia in 586 B.C.E., which is considered the beginning of the destruction of the First Temple" (JPS).