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  • afikomen

    n. A piece of matzah from the Pesach seder traditionally hidden by adults, found by the children (or vice versa), and then ransomed for gifts after the meal.

  • antisemitism

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • bialy

    n. A flat breakfast roll, shaped like a round wading pool, sometimes sprinkled with onion. (Rosten)

  • burekas

    n. A Turkish pastry filled with potatoes, other vegetables, and sometimes cheese.

  • Diaspora

    n. "The term for Jewish communities and their residents who live outside of the State of Israel" (JPS).

  • gesundheit

    interj. Health. (Bless you) - said in response to a sneeze.

  • lekvar

    n. Prune filling.

  • Reform

    a Jewish movement founded on principles of the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), which rejected the binding nature of the Law and attempted to concentrate on the prophetic message; it is now the largest movement in the United States, and has an additional 1 million adherents worldwide.

  • refusenik

    Term for Soviet Jews who were not allowed to openly practice Judaism or emigrate from Soviet Union.

  • responsa

    Written decisions and legal rulings by rabbis appointed to be legal deciders.

  • spiel

    n. Play, performance, speech;

  • wimpel

    a long, linen sash used as a binding for the Sefer Torah by Jews of German (Yekke) origin