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  • antisemitism See full entry►

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • BCE See full entry►

    adv. Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • Conservative Judaism See full entry►

    n. Originally known as "historical positive Judaism," a denomination that combines observance with an idea of "halachic process." See further comments below.

  • Hagiographa See full entry►

    n. The formal English name of the Ketuvim, usually translated as "the Writings."

  • Hasidic See full entry►

    adj. Of or relating to Hasidic Judaism or Hasidic Jews.

  • Reform See full entry►

    n. A Jewish movement founded on principles of the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), which rejected the binding nature of the Law and attempted to concentrate on the prophetic message; it is now the largest movement in the United States, and has an additional 1 million adherents worldwide.

  • Sephardic See full entry►

    adj. Of or relating to the culture, customs, or ancestry of Jews whose ancestors came from the Iberian Peninsula before the Jewish expulsion.