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  • antisemitism

    n. Hatred against Jews.

  • Aramaic

    n. Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • ark

    n. "The cabinet at the front of an Ashkenazic synagogue that houses the Torah scroll." (JPS)

  • Ashkenazic

    adj. Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS).

  • BCE

    adv. Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • BT

    n. Ba'al teshuva, returnee to faith, Jew who chose to become Orthodox.

  • candle lighting

    n. "The custom of lighting candles to welcome the Sabbath" (JPS); the exact time at which holiday and Shabbos candles are supposed to be lit by according to Jewish law.

  • Conservative

    adj. Of, relating to, or affiliated with Conservative Judaism.

  • Conservative Judaism

    n. Originally known as "historical positive Judaism," a denomination that combines observance with an idea of "halachic process." See further comments below.

  • day school

    n. Jewish grade school, where students learn both Jewish and secular subjects. "The general name given to private Jewish schools" in the United States and Canada (JPS).

  • Diaspora

    n. "The term for Jewish communities and their residents who live outside of the State of Israel" (JPS).

  • glatt

    adj., adv. Super-kosher (not only of food), or acceptable to the Haredi community.

  • Hagiographa

    n. The formal English name of the Ketuvim, usually translated as "the Writings."

  • Hasidic

    adj. Of or relating to Hasidic Judaism or Hasidic Jews.

  • keppy

    n. Head, little head (informal, diminutive, often in child-directed speech).

  • MK

    n. Member of Knesset (Israel's parliament), i.e. an Israeli legislator.

  • Orthodox

    adj. Of, relating to, or affiliated with Orthodox Judaism.

  • Orthodox Judaism

    prop. n. The most traditional branch of Judaism.

  • Reform

    n. A Jewish movement founded on principles of the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), which rejected the binding nature of the Law and attempted to concentrate on the prophetic message; it is now the largest movement in the United States, and has an additional 1 million adherents worldwide.

  • Reform Judaism

    n. A liberal, progressive branch of Judaism that emphasizes choice through knowledge.