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  • aliyah

    "calling to the reading of the Torah" (Glinert)

  • b'sha'ah tovah

    Literally "at a good hour." All in good time. Good luck. Response to a pregnancy announcement--meaning may all go well.

  • b'vakasha

    JPS: "Literally, 'please'. It can be used in various ways, including "please go ahead" and at the end of a sentence as 'you're welcome'."

  • balagan

    "a disorderly, confusing, and/or overwhelming situation" (Glinert)

  • behatzlacha

    good luck (a wish)

  • besamim

    "Literally, 'spices.' It almost always refers to the spices in the spice box used for the Havdalah ceremony" (JPS).

  • beseder

    allright; fine. [lit. "in order"]; "OK" (Glinert)

  • beteavon

    bon appetit; enjoy your meal; dig in. Glinert: "Literally, 'bon appetit!'"

  • bitachon

    faith, trust

  • chag sameach

    "Literally, 'Happy Holiday.' The traditional, all-purpose greeting exchanged on almost any Jewish holiday" (JPS).

  • chalutzim

    Pioneers in the building of the State of Israel.

  • chanukiah

    Nine-branched menorah / candelabrum used on Chanukah

  • chutz la'aretz

    Outside of Israel; the disapora, lit. "outside the land."

  • chutzpah

    guts (positive)

  • daf yomi

    Lit. "page of the day", refers to the program of study of a page of Talmud every day

  • dati

    Modern Orthodox

  • davka

    even; despite expectations to the contrary -- often with a slightly amused or ironic feeling of "wouldn't you know it?" or "of all things" ("of all people" ... etc.)

  • eema


  • ein breira

    "there is no alternative." (Glinert)

  • emunah

    "faith"; sometimes contrasted with practical striving in the material world