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  • acharon acharon chaviv

    adv. Last but not least.

  • al regel achat

    adv. lit. "On one foot"; off-the-cuff; in short; (of a question) "[answered] very briefly and cursorily" (Glinert).

  • aleph-bet

    n. "A name for the Hebrew alphabet" (JPS)

  • am haaretz

    n. Bumpkin, ignoramus, uneducated person.

  • apikoros

    n. Heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism.

  • arba kosot

    n. "The four glasses of wine drunk on Passover" (Glinert).

  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • averah

    n. Religious transgression (Glinert: "An aveirah is an infringement on the Torah, the opposite of a mitzvah.").

  • baal gaavah

    n. An arrogant or conceited person.

  • balabos

    n. Male head of a household.

  • balagan

    n. "A disorderly, confusing, and/or overwhelming situation" (Glinert).

  • batlan

    n. "Someone without a trade or regular means of livelihood" (Rosten).

  • besamim

    n. "Literally, 'spices.' It almost always refers to the spices in the spice box used for the Havdalah ceremony" (JPS).

  • bikur cholim

    v. Visiting the sick.

  • bitachon

    n. Faith, trust.

  • bli neder

    interj. "Literally, 'without vowing', this is added to any casual promise to avoid it being taken as an absolute undertaking." (Glinert)

  • bracha

    n. Blessing (in the technical or figurative sense).

  • bris

    n. Circumcision ceremony; the celebration surrounding it. Lit. covenant.

  • broiges

    adj. Angry, annoyed.